Create your own model

You can use your own model to use on the platform by creating Package and Model entities, and then use a model adapter to create an API with Dataloop.

In this tutorial you will learn how to create a basic model adapter to be able to inference on platform items.

Create a model adapter

In the example code below, the adapter is defined in a script saved as The SimpleModelAdapter class inherits from dl.BaseModelAdapter, which contains all the Dataloop methods required to interact with the Package and Model, as well as some some internal wrapper functions that make it easier to use Dataloop entities (e.g. predict_items, predict_datasets).

The minimum required functions to implement for a model to inference are load and predict.

load is supposed to implement loading the model (e.g. from any weights.pth). The load takes a local path as input.

In the dl.BaseModelAdapter we have a load_from_model wrapper which will download the model artifacts locally and call the custom load with the path containing all the files.

predict is where the model will do its inference, and the predict function expects a preprocessed batch (e.g. ndarray for images), and returns a list of dl.AnnotationCollection entities.

The wrapper for predict is predict_items, which takes a list of items from the platform and prepares everything for predicting. It uses the prepare_item_func to preprocess items into the a batch and calles the custom predict. After the prediction, it takes the ouput and uploads it to each item.

NOTE: You can edit the preprocess function by simply override the prepare_item_func method. For example, to pass the items as-is you can just return the inputed item.

in, add the following model adapter:

import dtlpy as dl
import torch
import os
                              description='Model Adapter for my model',
                              init_inputs={'model_entity': dl.Model})
class SimpleModelAdapter(dl.BaseModelAdapter):
    def load(self, local_path, **kwargs):
        print('loading a model')
        self.model = torch.load(os.path.join(local_path, 'model.pth'))
    def predict(self, batch, **kwargs):
        print('predicting batch of size: {}'.format(len(batch)))
        preds = self.model(batch)
        batch_annotations = list()
        for i_img, predicted_class in enumerate(preds):  # annotations per image
            image_annotations = dl.AnnotationCollection()
            # in this example, we will assume preds is a label for a classification model
                                  model_info={'name': self.model_name})
        return batch_annotations

Please see an example here (for PyTroch's Resnet) in Github of a working model adapter and see how to construct Annotation Collections.

Push the package

To create our Package entity, we first need to retrieve the metadata and indicate where the entry point to the package is within the codebase.

import dtlpy as dl
from model_adapter import SimpleModelAdapter
project = dl.projects.get(project_name='<project_name>')
dataset = project.datasets.get(dataset_name='<dataset_name')
metadata = dl.Package.get_ml_metadata(cls=SimpleModelAdapter,
module = dl.PackageModule.from_entry_point(entry_point='')

Then we can push the package and all its components to the cloud.

Service configs help define the dl.Service that will be created when deploying/training the model.

To change the service configurations, see the documentation on service types.

package = project.packages.push(package_name='My-Package',
                                # codebase=codebase,
                                    'runtime': dl.KubernetesRuntime(pod_type=dl.INSTANCE_CATALOG_GPU_K80_S,

Create the model and upload artifacts

Now you can create a model and upload pretrained model weights with an Artifact Item.
Here, the weights will be uploaded as an Item Artifact connected to the model.
You can upload any weights file here and use the artifact filename to update the weights_filename field in the model configuration.

model = package.models.create(model_name='tutorial-model',
                              description='first model we are uploading',
                              tags=['pretrained', 'tutorial'],
                              labels=['car', 'fish', 'pizza']
artifact = model.artifacts.upload(filepath='/path/to/model_weights.pth')
model.configuration['weights_filename'] = artifact.filename

To deploy a model we'll also update the status:

model.status = 'trained'

Checking that your model works

NOTE: The deployed service must be up and ready in order to run the predictions (including in the test tab). You can check the status of the deployed service in the services page.

Via the UI

You should now be able to see the model in the “Deployed” tab. After clicking on your model, you should see a “Test” tab where you can drag and drop an image, click “Test” and see the results of your model prediction.

If you get timeouts or error predicting, check that the service is up and is functioning as expected.

Screenshot of deployed model test tab

Via the SDK

To test whether your function was successfully uploaded and deployed onto the platform, you can use the model.predict() function to predict on a list of item IDs.
The function will return an Execution entity, which you can use to check the status of the prediction execution.
Once the execution is completed, the annotation will be uploaded to each item.

model = dl.models.get(model_id='<model_id>')
item = dl.items.get(model_id='<item_id>')
execution = model.predict(item_ids=[])
# wait for the execution to complete and get an updated execution
execution = dl.executions.get(
# print the most recent status

If you encounter errors, you will need to look at the logs to see where the error occurred. Go to "Model Management", under the "Deployed" tab, click on the number in the "Executions" column for the appropriate model, and then click on the "Execution" log icon on the right side of the screen (the paper icon). Here you can see the output of the cloud machine. You can also access this page via the "Application Hub", under "Executions".